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a di dà khong có trong phạt giáo nguyen thủy theravada

Tac gia: Kossom
VA`I LO`I GO?I RIENG CHO MO?T SO´ VI? SU TU NAM TONG

Sabbapapassa akaranam
Kusalassa upasampada
Sacitta pariyodapanam
Etam Buddhana Sasanam

Every evil never doing
and in wholesomeness increasing
and one's heart well-purifying:
this is the Buddhas' Sasana

Khong lam cac dieu ac
Gang lam cac viec lanh
Luon tu tam, tinh y:
Do la loi Phat day.

HAY NIEM "NAM MO BON SU THICH CA MAU NI PHAT" VA TU HANH THEO DUNG TU DIEU DE - BAT CHANH DAO

Neu niem “Nam Mo A di da phat” dem lai nhieu loi lac, phuoc bau vo luong, duoc vo luong tho, vo luong cong duc… roi duoc tai sanh canh gioi Tay Phuong Cuc Lac thi tai sao Duc Phat day cho dong ho Thich Ca niem A di da phat de duoc huong phuoc bau, cong duc… roi duoc tai sanh ve Tay phuong cuc lac huong kiep song an nhan? Chu´ Pha?t pha?i ba?o chu´ng de tu tu ha`nh so´ng Ba y mo?t Ba´t, di xin an roi chi an mot ngay mot lan, khong an ngu phi thoi, khong nha` cu?a, khong gia di`nh, khong ta`i sa?n, tu hanh thien dinh-quan-tue, ly duc ly ac phap... de? la`m gi`?

Khi dong ho Thich Ca bi vua Ty Luu Ly dem quan toi sat hai ca dong ho, vay tai sao Duc Phat khong ngan can duoc? Khi biet nhu vay tai sao Duc Phat khong khuyen bao dong ho niem A di da phat de cho phat A di da va bo tat Quan Am cung thanh chung hien ra de cuu vot gia toc Thich Ca cua Duc Phat dua ve Tay Phuong Cuc lac?

Thoi Phat Thich Ca con tai the thi da co coi Tay Phuong Cuc Lac va phat A di da, bo tat Quan Am, The Chi, Pho Hien, Dia Tang, Duoc Su va thanh chung chua? Neu co roi sao ho khong toi tro giup cho duc Phat va neu co thi tai sao khong thay mot vi thanh tang nao cua Duc Phat ghi chep lai vay?
Neu thoi duc Phat con tai the ma chua co nhung vi nay, vay tai sao cac vi ay lai duoc biet toi nhu hien nay? Vay cac vi ay xuat hien vao nam nao, o dau? Ai biet ma ghi chep lai lich su ton tai cua cac vi nay?

Phat giao khong dat nang o niem tin ma la su hieu biet va thuc hanh.

Nguoi Phat tu khac voi cac ton giao khac o cho di tu hoai nghi => tim hieu => thuc hanh=> tu minh kiem chung la dung => giac ngo => Niem Tin ---> CHANH TIN.

HOAN TOAN KHONG CO LONG TIN MU OAN ---> ME TI´N DI DOAN, CAU XIN THA LUC BAN PHUOC CUU KHO.


Toi da chung kien cac Su Nam tong - Pha?t tu? Nam tong (THERAVADA) di chu`a Nam tong ca? do`i ma` nie?m A di da - tho` quan am. Khong bie´t di chu`a ho? co´ duo?c ho?c gia´o ly´ da?o Pha?t hay khong? Hay thay nguoi niem roi bat chuoc niem theo?


Luu y: Bai nay toi chi viet cho cac vi Su Theravada (da so la cac Vi Sadi va Ty khua chua duoc hoc giao ly, chac quy vi se nghi ngo rang tai sao Ty khuu ma chua am hieu giao li Nguyen thuy phai khong? Nhung co that do quy vi a) va cu si Theravada do chua am hieu giao ly Phat giao nguyen thuy va su that ve cac vi Phat ton giao (khong co that trong lich su) nen niem A di da thoi. Con nhung vi khong thuoc nhom nay thi hoan hi dung khien trach.

LOI THAT MAT LONG

Ca´c Su oi la`m on, mo?t tha´ng 4 nga`y Pha?t tu? di chu`a thi` ha~y da?y ho? kinh ta?ng Pali / Nikaya, Tu´ die?u de´ - ba´t cha´nh da?o cho Pha?t tu? cho ho? bie´t dau la` Pha?t co´ tha?t va` dau la` Pha?t gia? tuo?ng, dau la` nguyen ly´ de? tu ha`nh gia´c ngo? - gia?i thoa´t. Chu´ chi? bie´t lo tu?ng kinh, xay chu`a khong la` "che´t"....

Phai thuong nguoi thuong dan toc bang cach cho ho am hieu Chanh chap cua Duc Thich Ca Mau Ni Phat.

Qui vi da´p Y ca` sa, tu?ng kinh Pali tu theo THERAVADA ma` nie?m A di da` du´ng la` uo?ng cong da`n na thi´ chu? va` co´ lo~i vo´i Pha?t Thi´ch ca mau Ni qua´ a`.... Toi tha´y dau lo`ng va` thuong Du´c Pha?t to? Thi´ch Ca Mau Ni la´m. Vi` nhu~ng nguo`i tu? xung la` de? tu? cu?a Du´c Pha?t la?i di nie?m mo?t nhan va?t truye`n thuye´t, khong co´ tha?t.

Muo´n ba´t chuo´c nguo`i ta thi` pha?i tham kha?o Tam ta?ng kinh die?n: kinh (pali nikaya) - lua?t - lua?n ro`i suy nga~m, qua´n xe´t coi du´ng tu´ die?u de´ - ba´t cha´nh da?o khong? Ne´u du´ng va trai nghiem co ket qua tam an tinh ngay hien tai thi` tin. Chu´ tin bu`a go?i la` me ti´n. Ngu muo?i, VO MINH (Do?c kinh Kalama hay ta?ng Pali de? bie´t them niem tin phai di doi voi su that hanh co tri tue).

Qui vi bac chuoc niem A di da lam gi? Muo´n va~ng sanh ha?? nie?m A di da` hay Quan am thi` du`ng tu Nam tong THERAVADA (Thuong toa bo) nu~a. Qua tu ben ti?nh do? china di. Tu ma` khong bie´t, khong hie?u, khong ha`nh Tu´ die?u de´ - ba´t cha´nh da?o thi` tu mu`, tu cho co´ tra`o luu chu´ khong gia´c ngo? - gia?i thoa´t, gi` dau.

Neu co thoi gia thi toi chia se cho qui vi biet the nao la tu, the nao la tinh do, the nao la cuc lac.
The nao la "Tu tanh di da, duy tam tinh do".

Muc tieu cua dao Phat khong phai la coi thien duong hay Cuc Lac vi` khong co´ co~i nhu the´, ma` mu?c tieu la gia´c ngo? (Tu´ die?u de´ - ba´t cha´nh da?o) - gia?i thoa´t (gia?i thoa´t kho?i tham du?c, phie`n na~o, vo minh, ta` kie´n) . Muo´n la`m duo?c thi` pha?i trai qua thoi gian vo cung lau dai, chu khong the trong mot kiep nguoi vai chuc nam da dat duoc ngay. Ngay ca Duc Phat Thi´ch Ca Mau Ni cung phai trai qua nhieu kiep song thuc hanh lien tiep dung bo`i Ba la ma?t, chu chua noi den nguoi binh thuong nhu chu´ng ta, khong chi?u tu chi? bie´t ca`u xin me ti´n mo ho`.


Ta di voi nghiep cua ta - Du cho tot xau tao ra tu minh - Theo ta nhu bong voi hinh - Ta tao hoa phuoc phan minh ro rang.

A´c nghie?p co`n mo?t do´ng ma` va~ng sang cu?c la?c a`? Va~ng sanh cu?c kho? thi` co´ ly´ hon.

Duc Pha?t da?y
"Nay! Cac nguoi phai tu minh thap duoc len ma di! Cac nguoi hay lay Phap cua ta lam duoc! Hay theo Phap cua ta ma tu giai thoat! Ðung tim su giai thoat o mot ke nao khat, dung tim su giai thoat o mot noi nao khac, ngoai cac nguoi!...
... Nay! Cac nguoi dung vi duc vong ma quen loi ta dan. Moi vat o doi khong co gi quy gia. Chi co chan ly cua dao ta la bat di, bat dich. Hay tinh tien len de giai thoat, hoi cac nguoi rat than yeu cua ta!"

Lo`i Pha?t da?y thi` khong chi?u nghe, co`n lo`i cu?a ma´y ong su tha`y no´i thi` nghe. Nhie`u khi toi khong bie´t mo?i nguo`i la` Pha?t tu? hay Su tu? nu~a.
Phat tu la con ong Phat.
Su tu la con ong su/tha`y.
Con Phat la biet cha minh la Duc Phat Thich Ca Mau Ni sinh nam nao, mat nam nao, que o dau, day cai gi. Ghi nho loi Phat. SO´NG THEO LO`I PHA?T LA PHAT TU.
Co`n nhu~ng ai con ong su/tha`y thi` chi biet ong su/tha`y giang no´i thoi. Giang khung giang dien cung doi len dau, cung tin ma` hanh theo. Khong hanh theo loi Phat. Lam bao nhieu tien dem den dang cho ong su/tha`y do´ xay chu`a to Pha?t lo´n, mua 4 banh, di du lich nuoc ngoai an choi khoe facebook, len fb dang hinh ong su do, like share bai giang ong su do LA SU TU.
Ngay nay, Duc Phat Thich Ca Mau Ni duoc Lien Hiep Quoc, cac quoc gia tren the gioi cong nhan la nhan vat co that trong lich su, bac vi nhan vi dai cua nhan loai voi cac thong tin tu lieu ro rang. Ma nhung nguoi theo tu xung la Phat tu lai khong niem danh hieu ngai, khong tho ngai, khong hoc hoi hanh tri theo loi day ngay. Lai di hanh theo cac goi la` a di da` hay quan am gia? danh. VO MINH qua´ ma`!
Mot ong su/tha`y ma` hoi di tu bao nhieu nam. Tra loi di tu tu nho toi gio may chuc nam. Ho?i Duc Phat Thich Ca Mau Ni sinh nam nao khong nho, mat nam nao khong nho. Mot ong Hoa Thuong ma hoi Duc Phat Thich Ca Mau Ni giang bai kinh dau tien day ve cai gi, giang bai kinh cuoi cung khi luc Pha?t nhap vo du y nie´t ban nga`i day nhung gi khong biet. Ho?i nhu~ng die`u can ba?n cu~ng khong bie´t thi` no´i nhu~ng pha´p ha`nh thu?c tie~n.
VO MINH qua´ ma`, da´ng lo?t y, la´y la?i ba´t tie~n ra kho?i chu`a. Cho chu`a ca´i to?i theo ta` ma A di da`. Dao Phat la con duong khong phai la le nghi, hinh thuc, la chuong mo, la ao mao. Cai do la cai luong, la tau hai, la ba tron, tu theo Phat la song gian di giua doi thuong. Khong thay biet sai lam ma song trong chanh niem tinh giac, khong tham lam ai duc, khong san han si me la tu theo Phat. La con cua Phat.
Duc Phat day may con khong can xung, khong can nhan, khong can mua ao mua do mac vao cho giong, khong can giay chung nhan ma ai HANH THEO BAT CHANH DAO LA DE TU PHAT. CON PHAT
Nhin xem co Phat tu nao dau? Toan su tu voi khung khung dien dien.
Ru nhau di chua xem van nghe, di chua du le Phat dan co ca si ve hat, co nghe si ve dien. Ru nhau di xem. Bo chua chien la rap hat, ganh hat de tau hai, dien van nghe? Ba`i da?t ca nha?c Pha?t gia´o! Ong Pha?t la`m nha?c ho`i na`o ma` ca nha?c Pha?t gia´o. Die`u ho? ba`i ra toa`n ga´n cho Pha?t no´i khong a`.
Ru nhau di chua de an tiec chay, bo di chua de an sao? Chua la nha hang hay quan com sao?
Chua la noi tu hanh. Chua ma khong tu hanh la khong phai chua. La thanh lau, ky vien, la nha chua, la thua ca o xi ke, o mai dam. Vi nguoi ta xi ke, ma tuy mai dam nguoi ta dam xung dam quang cao la xi ke, ma tuy, mai dam, da ga. Con cai nay xung la THIEN MON, THANH TINH ma lam nhung chuyen nho nhop, doi tra, phi bang Phat, bang Phap, lam buon cong suc chu thanh tang, chu to su tu hanh tinh tan khi xua de lai mai chua.

Minh tu thi phai tu luc, tu thie`n di?nh, Minh sa´t than tam, lam chu su song chet, cham dut su tai sanh luan hoi. Cho co dau nuong nho theo kieu tha luc, cho chet cau xin tiep do. Song ma khong thay Cuc Lac ( het tham san si man nghi) no ra lam sao thi dung mong chet ma thay, cu theo su ve voi cua kinh sach phat trien (Kinh Tinh Do) ma co muong tuong nghi ngoi, ep dau vat nao tuong tuong co ma kho, dung de den khi chet moi biet minh bi may to ti?nh do? lu`a ga?t co hoi thi cung da muon. Vo´i nu~a mo?i nguo`i thieu Chanh tin trong cach tu tap cu tung niem e a (chay theo am, thinh, sac, tuong...) nao kinh nao ke, sam Van phat nguyen, cau xin Phat cuu do tiep dan ca`u sieu ve Cuc Lac... (tro`i tro`i, buo`n cuo`i!!!) Dao Phat la con duong khong phai la le nghi, hinh thuc, la chuong mo, la ao mao. Cai do la cai luong, la tau hai, la ba tron, tu theo Phat la song gian di giua doi thuong. Khong thay biet sai lam ma song trong chanh niem tinh giac, khong tham lam ai duc, khong san han si me la tu theo Phat. Trong khi Duc Phat Thi´ch Ca Mau Ni da tung day roi, Pha?t khong co quyen ban phuoc cung khong co quyen giang hoa cho ai, ha tat lai phai cau xin vo ich. The ma lai me tin cau tin mot coi vo vi khong that co, roi xem no la mot coi, mot dich den cuoi cung trong su tu tap roi lay do lam thanh qua vien man. Du´ng la` VO MINH, ta` kie´n do´ ma`.

Khong co´ a di da`, quan am hay di la?c gi` ca?. HA`NG GIA? DA´Y

Hinh tuong "Pha?t Ngan Mat Ngan Tay’ cua Dai Thua giao chinh la hung than Aj-jun cua Ba-la-mon giao, da duoc cac luan su Ba-la-mon gian diep cai trang dua vao trong Phat giao. That vay, trong Chuyen Tien than Bhuridatta, so 543, Ba-la-mon Kanarittha da neu ro:
“119. Ku-ve-ra, So-ma, cac than,
Dha-ta, Vi-dha, cung troi, trang,
Bao phen da cu hanh dan te,
Ban cac La-mon moi phuoc an.
120. Aj-jun vi dai giang tai uong,
Chi chit ngan tay moc khap than;
Moi cap tay cam cung doa nat,
Dang than Lua le vat day tran!”

Ro rang cac luan su Ba-la-mon gian diep da cai trang hung than Aj-jun (thap kem hon ca than lua) cua Ba-la-mon giao thanh Pha?t Ngan Tay Ngan Mat cho Dai Thua de xo mui nhung ai tin theo.
Cho nen rang thi la cac Phat tu Dai Thua cang khoe khoang hinh tuong "Pha?t Ngan Mat Ngan Tay" cua minh bao nhieu, cac ong Ba-la-mon hien nay cang ngam ngam khinh che ho bay nhieu. Hen chi, qua bao doi nhung ong Ba-la-mon van coi thuong Phat giao bien thai la phai!
Co`n vi` sao ca´c gia´n die?p Ba`-la-mon la?i du?ng them hi`nh tuo?ng Pha?t ba` Quan Am trong Da?i Thu`a gia´o? Vi` trong Cha´nh Kinh Nikaya, Du´c Pha?tThich Ca da~ da?y ro~ mo?t vi? co´ cha´nh kie´n la`:


“Vi ay biet ro rang: "Su kien nay khong co xay ra, khong co hien huu: Khi mot nu nhan co the thanh A-La-Han, Chanh Ðang Giac. Su kien nhu vay khong co xay ra". Va vi ay biet ro rang: Su kien nay co xay ra: Khi mot nam nhan co the thanh mot A-la-han, Chanh Ðang Giac. Su kien nhu vay co xay ra” (MN 115)

A La Ha´n Cha´nh Da?ng Gia´c chi´nh la` Du´c Pha?t do?c ton. Vi` the´ nhu~ng ai tin theo ca´c Ba`-la-mon gia´n die?p thu`a nha?n hi`nh tuo?ng “Pha?t ba`” hoa?c “Pha?t ma~u” la` ga´nh la´y ta` kie´n ma` khong bie´t.

A-di-da xuat hien tai Trung Hoa hang tram nam sau khi Phat Thich Ca nhap diet voi 48 loi nguyen phi nhan qua, phi cong ly: chi can niem danh a di da` du ke diet chung, loan luan dam ac… cung duoc cuu roi, con nan nhan luong thien khong niem A-di-da lai bi bo lo song chet mac bay.

Kinh A-di-da va luan ca ngoi A-di-da do ai gioi thieu? Do Cuu Ma La Thap song sau Phat ca chuc thap ky. Chinh Cuu Ma La Thap da ngang nhien pha gioi nhan va loan dam voi ca muoi cung nu tu vua Dao Tan ban cho. Tin tuong theo mot giao ly phi ly tri va tu mot ta su nhu the, qua that la cuong tin si me.

Co`n hi`nh tuo?ng "Pha?t Di La?c" the´ na`o? Day cu~ng la` sa?n pha?m do ca´c Ba`-la-mon tung va`o Pha?t gia´o. Nhu~ng ai khong nha?n thu´c su? tha?t na`y ha~y thu? hi`nh dung mo?t gia´o doa`n se~ nhu the´ na`o ne´u ta´t ca? tu` Pha´p chu?, Hoa` thuo?ng, Tang Ni, sadi, sadini, nam nu~ cu si~ de`u nha´t loa?t noi theo guong ong gia´o chu? Di La?c vo tu phanh ngu?c, phanh bu?ng, lo`i ro´n truo´c ma´t ba`n dan thien ha??
Mo?t du´a con ni´t ta´m tuo?i chi? ca`n tuo?ng tuo?ng mo?t chu´t thoi cu~ng du? bie´t ca´i Pha´p ho?i mu`a xuan Long Hoa cu?a Da?i Thu`a gia´o ha´p da~n, me ly va` trang nghiem de´n nhu the´ na`o!

Ca`n no´i ro~ them, trong kinh van go´c (DN26) co noi den Du´c Pha?t Mettayya tuong, the´ nhung trong hi`nh da?ng dung tu?c pho`n thu?c nhu Di La?c thi` chi? co´ con ni´t ba tuo?i mo´i khong bie´t do´ la` y´ do` nham hie?m cu?a ca´c Ba`-la-mon gia´n die?p ve~ ra nha`m boi nho?, dung tuc hoa hinh anh Chu Phat. Ai tin theo day cu~ng do`ng nghi~a phi? ba´ng danh hie?u Pha?t, huy? ba´ng hi`nh a?nh thieng lieng cu?a Chu Pha?t.
Them nua, trong Kinh - Luat goc, trong vong sanh tu luan hoi vo thi vo chung, truoc sau nhu mot, chi co sau Duc Phat qua khu va mot Duc Phat Thich Ca cua kiep hien tai. The nhung chi vai tram nam sau khi Phat Thich Ca nhap diet, cac to su gian diep da tam thuong hoa danh hieu Phat bang cach ve them cho Dai thua giao hang chuc ngan vi Phat (kinh Van Phat), chung sanh nao cung co the thanh Phat vi ‘chung sanh dong Phat tanh’ (kinh Phap Hoa) v.v…

Tham chi ke ve ra “kinh 42 Chuong” cho Dai thua giao con ma manh phi bang danh vi Phat va xo mui nhung ai tin theo khi phan ro ranh ranh “Cho mot ngan uc vi Phat ba doi an khong bang cho mot vi Vo niem, Vo tru, Vo tu, Vo chung an” (Chuong thu 11)???
The day, ‘vi vo niem, vo tru, vo tu, vo chung’ la ai, trong khi cac ‘vi’ vo tam vo tu ngoai dong gam co co vi nao co niem, co tru, co tu, co chung? Quai quy den the thi thoi! Khon thay kinh 42 Chuong cua Dai thua da duoc vo tu truyen ‘dai’ qua hang bao the ky khong mot ai thac mac, khong mot loi canh bao.

Ro rang su ca tin ngay tho cung la dong ban cho ma lua phinh, quy gat lua xuong chin tang dia nguc. Ai do da noi rat dung ‘ton giao la ma tuy cua nhan loai’. O day, Dai thua giao cung la ma tuy cua nhung Dai thua sinh! Cac de tu Dai thua tham ‘xe to, phap lon’ doi den khi nao moi chiu mo mat ra day?

Chi´nh vi` the´, trong kinh Nguyen thuy Tuong Ung, Duc Phat Thich Ca da day rang:
“Vi nhu, nay Kassapa, vang (that) khong bien mat khi nao vang gia chua hien ra o doi. Va nay Kassapa, khi nao vang gia hien ra o doi, thoi vang (that) bien mat.
Cung vay, nay Kassapa, dieu phap khong bien mat, khi nao tuong phap chua hien ra o doi. Va nay Kassapa, khi nao tuong phap hien ra o doi, thoi dieu phap bien mat.
Nay Kassapa, dia gioi khong lam Dieu phap bien mat, thuy gioi khong lam Dieu phap bien mat, hoa gioi khong lam Dieu phap bien mat, phong gioi khong lam Dieu phap bien mat.
O day, khi nao cac nguoi ngu co mat, chinh ho lam Dieu phap bien mat” (S.ii,223).

That vay, Phat that khong bien mat khi nao Pha?t gia chua hien ra o doi; va khi nao Pha?t gia hien ra o doi, thoi Phat (that) bien mat.
Vi sao? Vi chi co ac ngu si moi long gia thanh chan, moi dung ta pha chanh; va cung chi co tham ngu si moi nghe sao tin vay, khong biet phan biet dung sai, that gia, chanh ta. Hai thu ngu nay hop lai; Dieu Phap cua bac A-la-han Chanh Da?ng Giac lam sao con duoc!
Da~ de´n lu´c si me pha?i tra? ve` cho si me, va`ng tha?t pha?i tra? ve` cho Da?o Pha?t!

Ca´c Su nam tong hay tu?ng cau na`y hoa`i ma` khong hie?u sao? Hay khi tu?ng, ca´c Su tu?ng ba`ng tie´ng Pali nen ca´c Su khong hie?u?
«Cac chung sanh duoc sanh ve coi troi cung nho giu gioi, cac chung sanh duoc giau sang cung nho giu gioi. Cac chung sanh duoc giai thoat nhap Niet Ban cung nho giu gioi. Boi cac co ay nen chu thien tin phai rang tho tri gioi luat cho duoc trong sach, dung de lam nho.»

Nguo`i cu si~ thi` giu~ 5 gio´i co ba?n (ngu~ gio´i) va` ha`nh tha?p thie?n.
Co`n 227 gioi cho Ty-kheo, 311 gioi cho Ty-kheo ni, theo truyen thong Nguyen Thuy THERAVADA; 250 gioi cho Ty-kheo, 348 gioi cho Ty-kheo ni, theo truyen thong Ba´c tong.

Mo?i nguo`i ngu~ gio´i (khong sa´t sanh, Khong tro?m ca´p, Khong ta` dam, khong no´i do´i, khong uo´ng ca´c cha´t sai - nghie?n) khong giu~ duo?c ma` muo´n cu?c la?c a`? Bie´t cu?c la?c la` gi` khong? Ngu~ gio´i giu~ khong giu~ duo?c thi` sau khi che´t ta´i sanh kie´p sau khong duo?c la`m nguo`i dau nha, ma` la` sanh tha`nh A tu la, nga~ quy?, di?a ngu?c, su´c sanh day. No´i chi kie´p sau, ngay trong kie´p na`y ma` la`m a´c thi` mo?i nguo`i cu~ng tuong ung vo´i tra?ng tha´i A tu la, nga~ quy?, di?a ngu?c, su´c sanh ro`i da´y.

Du´c Pha?t no´i,
. Giu~ duo?c ngu~ gio´i la` tuong ung co~i nguo`i.
. Ha`nh duo?c tha?p thie?n (10 die`u la`nh: Khong giet hai.
Khong ta duc.
Khong trom cap.
Khong noi doi.
Khong noi theu det.
Khong noi luoi hai chieu.
Khong noi loi hung ac.
Khong tham muon.
Khong gian hon "san".
Khong si me.) la` tuong ung co~i tro`i.
. Ai khong giu~ tro?n ngu~ gio´i thi` la` A tu la, nga~ quy?, di?a ngu?c, su´c sanh pha?i chi?u su? cu?c kho?. NHO´ NHE´!!!

Muo´n va~ng sanh ha?? Vo minh, a?o tuo?ng vu`a thoi cha?ng co´ Ong A di da` na`o ruo´c dau qui vi a. Lo ma` giu~ gio´i ro`i tu ha`nh theo Ba´t cha´nh da?o cho he´t tham, san, si di nha. Co`n du?c la?u, hu~u la?u va` vo minh la?u thi` co`n tham, san, si ma` co`n tham, san, si thi` co`n ta´i sanh co`n kho? chu´ khong co´ tha`ng A di da` hay quan am na`o ruo´c ve` cu?c la?c dau nha.


Hay nghe loi Phat day "Ta la chu nhan cua nghiep, la ke thua tu cua nghiep, nghiep la thai tang, nghiep la quyen thuoc, nghiep la diem tua. Pham nghiep nao se lam, thien hay ac, ta se thua tu nghiep ay". (Tang Chi II)


Xin thua qui vi a, la`m on vo chu`a nao ca´c Su co´ ho?c pha´p va` ha`nh pha´p nho` ca´c vi? do´ chi? da?y la?i gia´o pha´p cu?a DA?O PHA?T.

Du`ng tin va`o A di da` hay quan am cu?a Ti?nh do? kie?u Trung quo´c. Vie?t (Tinh do) thi` bi? Tinh do Ta`u (China) du?, co`n KHMER thi` bi? Tinh do (Viet) du?.
Co´ ti?nh do? hay khong la` do than tam mi`nh ne` chu´ khong ai la`m cho mi`nh he´t kho? dau. Du duoc song gan Phat di nhung tam cua minh con Tham, san, si... thi do khong phai cuc lac ma do la dia nguc.

Ho`i xua ong ba` toa`n nie?m «Buddha Dhamma Sangha» hay «Arahan SammasamBuddho» co`n bay gio` ba´t chuo´c Tinh do nie?m A di da` hay quan am. Dau lo`ng qua´, Pha?t oi. Qui vi niem voi tam co`n bi? tham, san, si chi pho´i trong do´ thi` nie?m ca´i gi` cu~ng ta` nie?m thoi.

Niem muon niem Phat hay niem Duc Phat lich su co that hoac niem An Duc Phat chu dung niem GIA PHAT A DI DA AO TUONG.

“Itipi so Bhagava Araha?, Sammasambuddho, Vijjacara?asampanno, Sugato, Lokavidu, Anuttaro purisadammasaratthi, Satthadevamanussana?, Buddho, Bhagava”
Hay nho:


khong ai lam cho minh o nhiem
khong ai lam cho minh thanh tinh
O nhiem hay thanh tinh la do than tam minh.


hay niem Duc Phat lich su co that hoac niem An Duc Phat

Trong mot bai kinh Kamala duc Phat day: "Nay nhung nguoi Kamala,khong nen chap nhan dieu gi chi vi nghe noi lai. Khong nen chap nhan dieu gi chi vi tap tuc co truyen de lai nhu the. Khong nen chap nhan dieu gi boi vi loi don dai. Khong nen chap nhan dieu gi chi vi duoc ghi chep trong kinh sach, do uc doan nhu vay, suy dien nhu vay, do nhan thay be ngoai. Khong nen chap nhan dieu gi chi vi dieu ay hop voi thanh kien cua minh, hinh nhu co the chap nhan duoc. Khong nen chap nhan dieu gi chi vi nghi rang vi tu si thot ra, dieu ay duoc kinh trong tu truoc.
Chi tin sau khi cac nguoi hieu ro rang, nhung dieu nay phu hop voi luan ly; nhung dieu nay khong bi khien trach, nhung dieu nay duoc cac bac thien tri thuc tan duong, neu thuc hien dieu nay se duoc an vui hanh phuc, thi cac nguoi hay hanh dong dung nhu vay ".

Duc Phat khong phai la than linh. Ngai khong ban phuoc giang hoa cho ai ca. Ngai la bac Dao Su tim thay va chi day chung sanh con duong tu giai thoat khoi canh kho cua luc dao luan hoi.
Cac vi Tang Ni tu dang theo Phat cung khong phai la than, hay thanh. Cac vi Tang Ni khong co nang luc nao de cau xin cho nguoi chet vang sanh cuc lac theo kieu cach le trai dan bat mang giai oan cua cac ta su trong chua. Tai sao? Boi vi cac ta su con chua chac duoc vang sanh kia ma. Chung ta la nguoi tu theo Phat phai co nhan thuc sang suot biet ro con duong dung sai, chu khong phai ai noi gi cung nghe, ai bay ve gi cung nham mat tin theo.

Truoc Tam bao, nguoi ta lay luc cau xin: xin tai qua nan khoi, xin giau sang phu quy, xin tien tai, xin dia vi. Ho mang theo rat nhieu le vat, xi xup khan vai, cau xin. Ho dem tien that mua tien gia (vang ma) dang cung thanh than, ho cau xin that nhieu tien that tro lai. Ho dem dang cung mot vai trai cay, cau xin song tho. Khap noi trong khuon vien chua cho nao cung thay cam nhang den, tien le rai khap noi; lo hoa vang gia rung ruc chay mang theo muon van lang phi. Canh chen chuc, giam dap nhau o cua thien de duoc lam le cau an, cau sieu, cung sao giai han trong dip dau nam khong the chap nhan duoc. Tai sao? Cau an chua thay duoc binh an, da phai nhap vien vi thuong tich do chen lan, tranh gianh giam dap nhau.

Trong tinh hinh do, dang le hang ngu Tang Ni o cac ngoi chua can phai huong dan, chan chinh lai nhan thuc sai lech cua nguoi dan, cua Phat tu. Tuy nhien, voi ly luan phuc vu nhu cau tin nguong cua quan chung ma nhieu ngoi chua, nhieu nha su lai de dai chap nhan viec nguoi dan, nguoi Phat tu den chua chi de cau khan van xin phi chanh phap. Hinh anh mot so nha su cung sao giai han, gieo que am duong, chon ngay lanh thang tot, da va dang dan dat mot so kha dong Phat tu dan dan mang dam mau sac me tin, ta phap, lac vao ta dao, nhung cu ngo rang minh di chua nhu the la tot, duoc tieng khen thuan thanh, tu gioi.
De tra lai su trang nghiem thanh tinh cho chua chien, giup chung sinh nhan thuc ro ve giao ly va loi day cua Duc Phat, chua chien nen truyen ba phuong phap tu tam thanh tinh va tim duoc an lac ngay trong cuoc song hien tai.

Cac bac chan tu nhan su cung duong cua ba tanh khong phai de tranh danh doat loi, ma danh nhieu thoi gian nghien cuu kinh dien, hieu ro loi kinh, tam tu bi thuong xot, giang day Phat tu co can ban ve nhan thuc dao Phat la dao tri tue, di dung chanh dao.

Tu theo Phat la tu luc, no luc, co gang de dat duoc su sang suot, giac ngo giai thoat, tu bi tri tue.
Truoc het la chuyen doi nhan thuc day me tin den cuong tin do tham san si cua phan dong Phat tu khong co giao ly can ban, can nhat la hang ngu Tang Ni tai cac chua chien hay tu vien.

Xa hoi trong va ngoai nuoc nhan biet dao Phat thong qua cac hoat dong cua hang ngu Tang Ni, Phat tu, su hieu sai lam ve dao Phat day me tin than quyen trong xa hoi van minh hien dai ngay nay that vo cung tai hai. Cuoc song thuong ngay cua Tang Ni va Phat tu la tam guong phan chieu tu tuong Phat giao truc tiep den cong dong va xa hoi ngay nay trong va ngoai nuoc.

Neu chung ta tu nhan la nguoi dang tu theo Phat, deu phai dau long va co trach nhiem danh len tieng chuong thuc tinh nhung nguoi dang ngup lan troi theo dong song me!




Nguo`i Khmer - Viet rie´t ro`i bi? do`ng ho´a van ho´a ton gia´o la~n do`i so´ng, tu` tu` ma´t he´t van ho´a, da´t dai cho coi. Nhe? da? ca? tin. VO MINH VU`A THOI

Y NGHIA 9 AN DUC PHAT
1) Araha?: Duc Arahan la Bac cao thuong co than khau y hoan toan trong sach va thanh tinh, xung dang tho nhan su le bai cung duong cua chu thien, pham thien va nhan loai.
2) Sammasambuddho: Duc Chanh Dang Giac la Bac tu minh chung ngo chan ly Tu Thanh De, chung dac 4 Thanh Dao - 4 Thanh Qua va Niet Ban, diet doan tuyet moi phien nao, moi tham ai, moi ac phap khong con du sot, dau tien trong toan coi the gioi chung sinh; dac biet diet duoc moi tien khien tat, tro thanh Duc Phat Chanh Dang Giac, doc nhat vo nhi.
3) Vijacara?asampanno: Duc Minh Hanh Tuc la Bac co day du Tam Minh, Bat Minh va 15 Duc Hanh cao thuong.
4) Sugato: Duc Thien Ngon la Bac thuyet phap chan ly dem lai loi ich that su cho chung sinh.
5) Lokavidu: Duc Thong Suot Tam Gioi la Bac thay ro, biet ro chung sinh the gioi, coi the gioi, phap hanh the gioi.
6) Anuttaro purisadammasarathi: Duc Vo Thuong giao hoa chung sinh la Bac giao huan chung sinh cai ta quy chanh, cai ac lam thien, tu hang pham nhan len bac Thanh Nhan.
7) Satthadevamanussanam: Duc Thien Nhan Su la Bac Thay cua chu thien, chu pham thien, nhan loai…
8) Buddho: Duc Phat la Bac tu minh chung ngo chan ly Tu Thanh De, chung dac 4 Thanh Dao - 4 Thanh Qua va Niet Ban dau tien trong toan coi the gioi chung sinh, tro thanh Duc Phat Chanh Dang Giac doc nhat vo nhi, roi Ngai thuyet phap giao huan chung sinh co duyen lanh cung chung ngo chan ly Tu Thanh De y theo Ngai (cung chung dac 4 Thanh Dao - 4 Thanh Qua va Niet Ban tuy theo nang luc ba-la-mat va hanh nguyen cua moi chung sinh).
9) Bhagava: Duc The Ton la Bac co 6 An duc dac biet do day du tron ven 30 phap hanh ba-la-mat cua Ngai.


Phai quay ve lam Phat tu con cua Phat Thich Ca Mau Ni. Tu tap theo Gioi - Dinh - Tue Ai hoi di chua lam gi. TRA LOI DUT KHOAC. VAO DE TU, KHONG PHAI VAO DE HUONG LAC, VUI CHOI. VAO CHUA LA THO BAT QUAN TRAI HET. BAT QUAN TRAI LA GI DAM KHONG NHO, KHONG BIE´T LUON LA TIEU ROI. DU`NG XUNG LA` PHA?T TU? NU~A. MA´T MA?C LA´M. CO´ GA´NG TA?O DIE`U KIE?N CHO NHAU NGHIEN CU´U GIA´O LY´ DA?O PHA?T.


Phat that phat gia
Phat xua binh bat ca sa
Tri binh khat thuc song qua tung ngay
May ong trung quoc ngay nay
Don com mam chen an chay bo binh(binh bat)
Phat xua chi do chung sinh
Huu duyen chanh phap chi minh huong di
May ong trung quoc tuc thi,
Do luon tat ca "a mi pho pho"
Phat xua tu phai tu lo
May ong trung quoc bai tro vang sanh
Phat xua muon dac phai hanh
May ong trung quoc de danh tay phuong
Phat xua thuyet phap dan duong
May ong trung quoc chu truong di da
Phat xua chi co 1 ma
May ong trung quoc che ra qua chung
Phat xua di tich lay lung
Con phat trung quoc tu dung co a,
Phat xua co me co cha
Con phat trung quoc di da ai sinh?
Phat xua thuyet ba muoi nghin(bai kinh)
May ong trung quoc vang sinh du roi
Phat xua phai niet ban thoi!
Con phat trung quoc mo coi (ko cha ko me) song hoai
Phat xua thien, ac giai bai
Con phat trung quoc cai nay khoi luon
Lay la nghiep ac phai chuon
Ha sa toi loi diet luon tuc thi
Phat xua tru trong tue tri
Con phat trung quoc tin thi ruot mau..
Phat xua van phai benh dau
Con phat Trung Quoc doi dao an khang
Phat xua co that ro rang
Con Phat trung quoc y trang chua troi
Phat xua thuyet phap ro rang
Con phat trung quoc nguy loi phat xua..
Tao ra cai Thu Dai Thua
Nhoi so dan chung Noi Bua Cung Tin.


Cu si cung can duoc hoc giao ly

Khong bie´t thi` pha?i ho?c, Khong ai sinh ra tu` bu?ng me? khong ho?c ma` bie´t he´t ta´t ca? dau.
No´i tha?t, ho`i do´ toi tu Ti?nh do? ben Ba´c tong nhung nho` toi chi?u kho´ ti`m hie?u kinh ta?ng, toi khong co´ tin bu`a nen mo´i nha?n bie´t dau cha´nh va` dau ta` nen toi mo´i quay ve` vo´i Pha?t gia´o Nguyen thu?y THERAVADA cu?a Du´c Pha?t Thi´ch ca mau Ni.

Mo?i nguo`i, toi no´i ra la` vi` ti`nh tha`n dan to?c va` da?o pha´p nen mong mo?i nguo`i co´ ga´ng do?c va` hie?u. Mo?i nguo`i, do`ng ba`o dan to?c KHMER mo?t tha´ng dem com va`o chu`a bo´n nga`y pha?i khong? Va`o ca´c nga`y do´ ca´c Su die`u cho mo?i nguo`i quy Tam ba?o: Pha?t, Pha´p va` Tang. Cho nen mo?i nguo`i la` cu si~. La` cu si~ tho? tam quy thi` pha?i tri` ngu~ gio´i (5 gio´i toi ke? o? tren) mu?c di´ch cu?a tho? tri` ngu~ gio´i la` giu´p chu´ng ta so´ng da?o du´c con nguo`i, ha?nh phu´c va` kie´p sau duo?c sanh tro? la?i la`m nguo`i de? co´ duyen tu ha`nh gia´c ngo?-gia?i thoa´t. Co´ the? trong ba`i na`y toi khong no´i he´t nhu~ng die`u ca`n no´i vo´i mo?i nguo`i nen toi he?n o? ca´c ba`i sau. Tie´p theo, toi se~ chia se~ nhu~ng die`u co ba?n ca`n thie´t cu?a nguo`i Pha?t tu? THERAVADA chan cha´nh. Toi se~ co´ ga´ng neu la?i tha?t nga´n go?n cho mo?i nguo`i de~ hie?u, mong mo?i nguo`i ha~y cu`ng nhau do?c va` suy nga~m tuu duy cho thong suo´t.

Duc Phat day rat ro la nguoi Cu si phai tim hieu nhung cai sau:

"NHUNG GI CAN PHAI THONG SUOT THI HAY THONG SUOT"


1./ Tu dieu de hay Tu thanh de

. Kho de (Su that ve kho)
. Tap de (Nguyen nhan dua den kho)
. Diet de (Trang thai khong co kho, khong co´ tham du?c )
. Dao de (Con duong dua den diet kho)

- Day la Chan li Duc Phat Mau Ni tim ra va do la chan li cua the gian nay. Chan li´ la` nhu~ng die`u co´ sa~n, Khong ai ta?o ra va` khong ai thay do?i duo?c.

Tu Thanh-De Trong Phat Giao


Tu Thanh-de la su-that chan-ly cua chu bac Thanh-nhan chung ngo chan-ly tu Thanh-de, la chanh-phap cot loi can ban trong yeu trong giao phap cua chu Phat qua-khu, Duc-Phat hien-tai va chu Phat vi-lai.


Tu-Thanh-De:
1- Dukkha ariyasacca: Kho-Thanh-de do la ngu-uan-chap-thu hoac sac-phap, danh-phap trong tam-gioi.
Trong giao phap cua Duc-Phat, tat ca moi sac-phap, moi danh-phap trong coi duc-gioi, coi sac-gioi, va danh-phap trong coi vo-sac-gioi, dung theo su-that chan-ly thi chi co dukkha-sacca: kho-de ma thoi, khong co phap nao goi la lac-de ca.
Tuy trong tho tam-so (vedanacetasika) co sukhavedana: tho lac, nhung sukhavedana: tho-lac ay goi la vipari?amadukkha: bien-chat-kho, boi vi tho-lac (sukhavedana) sinh roi diet vo-thuong lam bien chat, luon luon hanh ha, nen chi la kho-de ma thoi.
Tho lac du la kho van con de chiu dung.
Nhu vay, tat ca moi sac-phap, moi danh-phap thuoc ve phap-huu-vi dung theo su-that chan-ly thi chi co kho-de ma thoi, khong co lac-de.
Neu co lac (sukha) thi lac ay goi la sukhavipallasa: lac-dao-dien do tuong-dao-dien (saññavipallasa), tam-dao-dien (cittavipallasa), ta-kien-dao-dien (di??hivipallasa).
Tat ca moi sac-phap, moi danh-phap trong tam-gioi thuoc ve phap-huu-vi deu sinh roi diet, nen co 4 trang-thai: trang-thai-vo-thuong, trang-thai-kho, trang-thai-vo-nga, trang-thai-bat-tinh, nhung do tuong-dao-dien, tam-dao-dien, ta-kien-dao-dien tuong sai, biet sai, thay sai, chap lam cho rang:
“Danh-phap, sac-phap la thuong, lac, nga, tinh”.
Dung theo su-that chan-ly thi tat ca moi sac-phap, moi danh-phap trong tam-gioi thuoc ve phap-huu-vi chi la dukkhasacca: kho-de ma thoi, khong co lac-de nao ca.
2- Dukkhasamudaya ariyasacca: Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de do la ta?ha: tham-ai.
Tham-ai la nhan sinh kho trong kiep hien-tai va kiep vi-lai.
* Tham-ai la nhan sinh kho trong kiep hien-tai
– Neu tam tham-ai muon duoc dieu gi do, vat gi do,.. ma khong duoc thoa man nhu y, thi san-tam phat sinh khong vua long, lam cho kho-tam.
* Neu tam tham-ai muon duoc dieu gi do, vat gi do … ma duoc thoa man nhu y, thi tham-tam phat sinh chap thu cho la cua ta, cung lam nhan phat sinh kho-tam nhu lo lang, giu gin, sau nao.
Nhu Duc-Phat day cau ke rang:
“Ta?haya jayati soko,
ta?haya jayati bhaya?.
Ta?haya vippamuttassa,
natthi soko kuto bhaya?.”([1])
Su sau nao phat sinh do tham-ai,
Su lo so phat sinh do tham-ai,
Bac Thanh A-ra-han diet tham-ai,
Khong con sau nao, tu dau co lo so?

* Tham-ai la nhan-sinh-kho trong kiep vi-lai
Tat ca moi chung-sinh nao he con tham-ai la con phai tai sinh kiep-sau, cac chung-sinh ay gom ca 3 bac Thanh huu hoc: bac Thanh-Nhap-luu, bac Thanh-Nhat-lai, bac Thanh-Bat-lai, boi vi 3 bac Thanh-nhan nay van con mot phan tham-ai.
* Chi co bac Thanh-A-ra-han da diet-doan-tuyet tat ca moi tham-ai, hoan toan khong con tham-ai du sot nua ma thoi.
Chung-sinh con co tham-ai sau khi chet thi tham-ai dan dat nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau, kiep sau nhu the nao la hoan toan tuy thuoc vao qua cua nghiep cua moi chung-sinh ay.
* Chung-sinh ay sau khi chet, neu ac-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau thi sinh vao 1 trong 4 coi ac-gioi (dia-nguc, a-tu-la, nga-quy, suc-sinh), thuoc loai chung-sinh nao, trong coi nao la hoan toan tuy thuoc vao qua cua ac-nghiep cua chung-sinh ay ma thoi.
* Chung-sinh ay sau khi chet, neu duc-gioi-thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau thi sinh lam nguoi trong coi nguoi hoac lam chu thien trong coi troi duc-gioi, duoc sinh trong coi thien-duc-gioi nao la hoan toan tuy thuoc vao qua cua duc-gioi-thien-nghiep cua chung-sinh ay ma thoi.
* Hanh gia da chung dac cac bac thien-sac-gioi sau khi chet, chac chan sac-gioi-thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau, sinh lam pham thien trong coi troi sac-gioi, duoc sinh trong coi troi sac-gioi nao la hoan toan tuy thuoc vao qua cua sac-gioi-thien-nghiep so dac cua hanh-gia ay ma thoi.
* Hanh-gia da chung dac cac bac thien-vo-sac-gioi sau khi chet, chac chan vo-sac-gioi-thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau, sinh lam pham thien trong coi troi vo-sac-gioi, duoc sinh trong coi troi vo-sac-gioi nao la hoan toan tuy thuoc vao qua cua vo-sac-gioi-thien-nghiep so dac cua hanh-gia ay ma thoi.
Ba Bac Thanh Huu Hoc (Sekha ariya)
* Bac Thanh-Nhap-luu sau khi chet, vinh vien khong bao gio bi sa doa trong 4 coi ac-gioi nua, ma chi co thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau lam nguoi trong coi nguoi hoac lam chu thien trong coi troi duc-gioi nhieu nhat 7 kiep nua ma thoi.
Den kiep thu 7, chac chan se tro thanh bac Thanh A-ra-han, roi se tich diet Niet-ban, giai thoat kho tu sinh luan hoi trong tam-gioi.
* Bac Thanh-Nhat-lai sau khi chet, duc-gioi-thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau lam nguoi trong coi nguoi hoac lam chu thien trong coi troi duc-gioi chi con 1 kiep nua ma thoi.
Trong kiep ay chac chan se tro thanh bac Thanh A-ra-han, roi se tich diet Niet-ban, giai thoat kho tu sinh luan hoi trong tam-gioi.
* Bac Thanh-Bat-lai sau khi chet, khong con tai sinh tro lai coi duc-gioi, ma chi co sac-gioi-thien-nghiep cho qua tai sinh kiep sau lam pham thien trong coi troi sac-gioi ma thoi, duoc sinh trong coi troi sac-gioi nao tuy theo bac thien so dac cua Ngai.
Vi Thanh-Bat-lai pham-thien ay chac chan se tro thanh bac Thanh-A-ra-han tai coi troi sac-gioi, roi se tich diet Niet-ban, giai thoat kho tu sinh luan hoi trong tam-gioi.
* Bac Thanh A-ra-han da diet-doan-tuyet duoc moi tham-ai khong con du sot, nen ngay kiep hien-tai, Ngai chac chan se tich diet Niet-ban, giai thoat kho tu sinh luan hoi trong tam-gioi.
.
3- Dukkhanirodha ariyasacca: Diet-Kho-Thanh-de do la Niet-ban.
Niet-ban la phap diet Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de va cung la phap diet qua Kho-Thanh-de.
* Diet Nhan-Sinh-Kho-Thanh-De
Hanh-gia thuc-hanh phap-hanh-thien-tue dan den chung ngo chan-ly tu Thanh-de, chung dac 4 Thanh-dao, 4 Thanh-qua va Niet-ban, diet-doan-tuyet moi tham-ai, moi phien nao khong con du sot, goi la Phien-nao Niet-ban (Kilesa-parinibbana), nghia la moi tham-ai, moi phien nao da bi diet-doan-tuyet roi, moi phien nao vinh vien khong con phat sinh nua.
Nhu vay, Niet-ban la phap diet Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de.
* Diet Qua Kho-Thanh-De
Chu Thanh A-ra-han da diet-doan-tuyet moi tham-ai moi phien nao khong con du sot nua, den khi het tuoi tho tich diet Niet-ban, giai thoat kho tu sinh luan hoi trong tam-gioi, goi la Ngu-uan Niet-ban (Khandhaparinibbana) nghia la sau khi tich diet Niet-ban roi, khong con tai sinh kiep nao nua.
Nhu vay, Niet-ban la phap diet qua Kho-Thanh-de.

4-Dukkhanirodhagamini pa?ipada ariyasacca: Phap-hanh dan den Diet-Kho-Thanh-de do la phap-hanh bat-chanh-dao.
Bat-chanh-dao co 8 chanh: chanh-kien, chanh-tu-duy, chanh-ngu, chanh-nghiep, chanh-mang, chanh-tinh-tan, chanh-niem, chanh-dinh, do la 8 tam-so, la tri-tue tam-so, huong-tam tam-so, chanh-ngu tam-so, chanh-nghiep tam-so, chanh-mang tam-so, tinh-tan tam-so, niem tam-so, nhat-tam tam-so.
Bat-chanh-dao co 8 chanh, do la 8 tam-so nay khong dong sinh day du trong tam-gioi-tam, nhung khi hanh-gia thuc-hanh phap-hanh-thien-tue, den khi chung ngo chan-ly tu Thanh-de, chung dac Thanh-dao, Thanh-qua nao co doi-tuong Niet-ban sieu-tam-gioi, khi ay, bat-chanh-dao hop du 8 chanh do la 8 tam-so: tri-tue tam-so, huong-tam tam-so, chanh-ngu tam-so, chanh-nghiep tam-so, chanh-mang tam-so, tinh-tan tam-so, niem tam-so, nhat-tam tam-so dong sinh voi Thanh-dao-tam ay hoan thanh xong 4 phan-su:
– Kho-Thanh-de la phap nen biet, thi Thanh-dao-tue da biet xong,
– Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de la phap nen diet, thi Thanh-dao-tue da diet xong,
– Diet-Kho-Thanh-de la phap nen chung ngo, thi Thanh-dao-tue da chung ngo xong,
– Phap-hanh dan den diet-Kho-Thanh-de la phap nen tien hanh, thi Thanh-dao-tue da tien hanh xong.
Vi vay, bat-chanh-dao la phap-hanh dan den chung ngo Niet-ban, diet-Kho-Thanh-de.
Tu Thanh-de nay la phap nen tang can ban, la cot loi chinh yeu trong giao phap cua chu Phat Chanh-Dang-Giac qua-khu, hien-tai, vi-lai, boi vi hanh-gia thuc-hanh phap-hanh-thien-tue, ban dau du co nhung doi-tuong-thien-tue khac nhau nhu than, tho, tam, phap, ngu-uan, 12 xu, 18 tu-tanh (dhatu), v.v… den giai doan cuoi, cung deu dan den chung ngo chan-ly tu Thanh-de, roi moi chung dac 4 Thanh-dao, 4 Thanh-qua va Niet-ban duoc.
Cho nen, tu Thanh-de la su-that chan-ly ma chu bac Thanh-nhan da chung ngo, la phap can ban cot yeu trong giao phap cua chu Phat trong 3 thoi qua-khu, hien-tai, vi-lai.
Nhan Qua Lien Quan Cua Tu Thanh-De
Chan-ly tu Thanh-de co nhan-qua lien quan voi nhau:
* Kho-Thanh-de do la ngu-uan-chap-thu hoac sac-phap, danh-phap trong tam-gioi, la qua cua Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de.
* Nhan-sinh-Kho-Thanh-de do la tham-ai la nhan phat sinh Kho-Thanh-de, tham-ai, la nhan dan dat tai sinh kiep sau (ta?ha ponobbhavika).
* Diet-Kho-Thanh-de do la Niet-ban khong thuoc ve qua cua mot nhan nao ca, boi vi, Niet-ban la phap-vo-vi (asa?khatadhamma) la phap hoan toan khong co mot nhan-duyen nao cau tao.
* Phap-hanh dan den Diet-Kho-Thanh-de do la phap-hanh bat-chanh-dao la phap-hanh dan den chung ngo Niet-ban, Diet-Kho-Thanh-de.
Nhu vay, phap-hanh bat-chanh-dao la phap-hanh dan den chung ngo Niet-ban, Diet-Kho-Thanh-de, khong phai la nhan phat sinh Niet-ban. Cho nen Niet-ban cung khong phai la quacua phap-hanh bat-chanh-dao.
Vay, Niet-ban chi la doi-tuong sieu-tam-gioi cua 4 Thanh-dao-tam, 4 Thanh-qua-tam ma thoi.
Vi du nom na rang:
“Con duong dan den kinh do”
* Con duong vi nhu Bat-chanh-dao la phap-hanh dan den Diet-Kho-Thanh-de.
* Kinh do vi nhu Niet-ban la phap Diet-Kho-Thanh-de.
Con duong dan den kinh do, chu khong phai la nhan phat sinh kinh do.
Cung nhu vay, Phap-hanh dan den Diet-Kho-Thanh-de do la phap-hanh bat-chanh-dao la phap-hanh dan den chung ngo Niet-ban, chu khong phai la nhan phat sinh Niet-ban.
[1] Bo dhammapadagatha thu 216



2./ Thap nhi nhan duyen (12 nhan duyen khie´n chu´ng sanh kho?)
. Duyen vo minh
. Duyen hanh
. Duyen thuc
. Duyen danh sac
. Duyen luc nhap
. Duyen xuc
. Duyen tho
. Duyen ai
. Duyen huu
. Duyen thu
. Uu bi sau kho
. Benh chet
—> Day la` toi chi? ke? ten ra thoi. Mo?i nguo`i muo´n thong suo´t thi` pha?i nghien cu´u tam ta?ng kinh die?n va` tu? than-tam chu´ng ngo? thie`n qua´n, thie`n di?nh-tue?.


3./ Nghiep
. Nghiep thien
- Thien vo lau (khong con dau kho khong co´ nhan ta´i sanh)
- Thien huu lau (con dau kho, co´ nhan ta´i sanh)
. Nghiep bat thien (ac nghiep)


4./ Than ngu uan
.*Sac uan
- Tu dai (Dat, nuoc, gio, lua)
- Y thuc
. Tho uan
- Tho lac
- Tho kho
- Tho bat lac, bat kho (do ngu Si, Vo minh)
. Tuong uan
- 18 loai hy tuong
- 33 loai tuong
* Luu y:
Doi nhung ai tu Thien hoac Tinh do (chuyen tri Luc tu di da`) hay can than tranh uc che Tam (hay y thuc) vi uc che Tam (hay Y THUC) thi den mot luc nao do Y THUC NGUNG HOAT DONG quy se bi tam SI va mo?i nguo`i se loat TUONG (Y THUC DUNG LA TUONG HOAT DONG) vi co den 18 loai hy tuong hay 33 loai tuong. Neu mo?i nguo`i tu loat vao TUONG thi da loat vao Ta dao, sai phap thi rat kho thoat ra, rat uong cong tu hanh mot doi cua quy vi. Toi noi ra su that mong quy vi Chanh kien, Chanh duy cho ro tuong tan. To´t nhat ha~y tu theo THERAVADA.


.* Hanh uan
- Hanh dong co duoc la do SAC UAN, THO UAN va TUONG UAN dieu khien.
- HANH UAN vi nhu thien loi, sai dau lam do.
* Luu y: O day trong SAC UAN co Y THUC, vay khi tu hanh la quy vi tu bang Y THUC "Y DAN DAU CAC PHAP, Y CHU, Y TAO TAC..." chu khong duoc tu bang TUONG hoac khong duoc dong tam voi cam tho. Trong Dao Phat co huong tam, xa tam "NHU LY TAC Y" rat tuyet voi, Toi kinh moi quy dao huu cung tim hieu va hanh theo. Nhung luu y´, khong ke´o se~ co´ ba?n nga~ xen va`o.

.* Thuc uan
- Thuc uan khong phai la Y THUC vi Y THUC nam trong SAC UAN. Phan Thuc uan nay khong hoat dong den khi nguoi nao do tu da duoc TAM MINH thi danh thuc thuc uan day va dieu khien thuc uan hoat dong. Thuc uan se hoat dong vuot khong gian va thoi gian goi la lieu tri.
Tam minh bao gom:
- Lau tan minh
- Tuc mang minh
- Thien nhan minh
Ba minh nay la nguoi tu chung Tam vo lau moi co, tuc la Vi do khong con duc lau, huu lau, vo minh lau. Noi ro hon la Vi do khong con bi rang buoc loi keo boi Bay kiet su, thoat khoi su ham muon Ngu duc the gian (danh, tai, sac, thuc, thuy), Vi ay khong tham, khong san, khong si, khong man, khong nghi. Muon duoc nhu vay phai tu theo Tam vo lau hoc (GIOI DINH TUE hay goi tom tat la TU HUE) tuc la thuc hanh tron ven Bat chanh dao (Chanh kien, chanh tu duy, chanh ngu, chanh nghiep, chanh mang , chanh tinh tan, chanh niem, chanh dinh).

"DU TU THEO PHAP MON NAO CUNG PHAI LAY GIOI LAM THAY, NUONG THEO VA SONG NHU GIOI, NGOAI GIOI QUY VI KHONG THE TIM THAY SU GIAI THOAT, GIOI GIUP CHUNG TA LY DUC LY AC PHAP, HAY DOC KINH UOC NGUYEN TRONG TRUNG BO KINH HE PALI NIKAYA THUOC DAI KINH VIET NAM DE BIET THEM LOI ICH TO LON CUA GIOI VA HAY TU GIOI DE TU CHUNG NGHIEM CAM GIAC GIAI THOAT NGAY HIEN TAI "


5./ Tu bat hoai tinh
- Niem Phat
- Niem Phap
- Niem tang
- Niem gioi
* Luu y: NIEM o day khong phai la cai mieng niem hong danh Phat, khong phai mieng niem tang, khong phai mieng niem phap, khong phai mieng niem gioi. ma NIEM o day la TU DUY, QUAN XET VA SONG Y NHU PHAT, NHU PHAP, NHU TANG, NHU GIOI (Quy vi chi can chon mot trong bon de song theo).

6./ Tu chanh can
. Ngan ac phap
. Diet ac phap
. Sang thien phap
. Tang truong thien phap
* Luu y: THIEN PHAP o day la THIEN VO LAU (khong con dau kho, khong con duc lau, khong con huu lau, khong con vo minh lau) chu KHONG PHAI THIEN HUU LAU (co phuoc bao nhung van con dau kho, vi thien huu lau van con duc lau, con huu lau va con vo minh lau). Quy vi luu y dieu nay.

7./ Tu niem xu
- Quan than tren than
- Quan tho tren tho
- Quan tam tren tam
- Quan phap tren phap
=> De khac phuc tham uu o doi.
Goi y: Quy vi doc Kinh DAI NIEM XU se ro.


8./ Tu thien
- So thien
- Nhi thien
- Tam thien
- Tu thien
* Phan nay thi nguoi CU SI tai gia chung ta khong the chung dat ne´u chu´ng ta co`n so´ng vo´i lo´i pha`m tu?c.

9./ Tu nhu y tuc
gom co:
- Dinh Nhu Y Tuc
- Tinh Tan Nhu Y Tuc
- Tue Nhu Y Tuc
- Duc Nhu Y Tuc.
[*] Tu dung GIOI, da ly duc, ly ac phap, tam vo lau, tam thanh thinh thi se co bon loai luc nay.

10./ Ngu can
. Nhan can
. Nhi can
. Ty can
. Thiet can
. Than can
* Goi y: Doc "37 Pham tro dao" de ro.

11./ Ngu luc
. Tin luc
. Tan luc
. Niem luc
. Dinh luc
. Tue luc
* Goi y: Doc "37 Pham tro dao" de ro.


12./ That giac chi
. Niem giac chi
. Tinh tan giac chi
. Khinh an giac chi
. Hy giac chi
. Dinh giac chi
. Xa giac chi
. Trach phap giac chi
* Goi y: Doc "37 Pham tro dao" de ro.


13./ Thap thien
* THAN co ba nghiep thien
. Khong sat sanh
. Khong trom cap
. Khong ta dam
* KHAU co ba nghiep thien
. Khong noi doi
. Khong noi loi theu det
. Khong noi loi lat long (nghia la khong noi luoi doi chieu)
. Khong noi loi hung ac
* Y co ba nghiep thien
- Khong tham lam
- Khong si me
- Khong san gian
[*] Luu y: LA CU SI NGOAI CHUYEN SONG DUNG NGU GIOI THI QUY DAO HUU PHAI HANH MUOI DIEU THIEN NAY, NE´U SO´NG DUO?C THA?P THIE?N NA`Y THI` SE~ TUONG CO~I TRO`I NHU TOI O? TREN LU´C NA~Y. NEU QUY VI KHONG HANH MUOI DIEU THIEN NAY THI DONG NGHIA LA QUY DANG LAM MUOI DIEU AC DO`NG NGHI~A VO´I DI?A NGU?C.

Toi xin trich bai ke cua Ba Gia Tuan doc cho Ton gia Tu Bo De nham tro duyen de Tu Bo De tu hanh diet tru cac benh kho.
"NGIEP LANH THOAT CAC PHUOC,
O TAI NUI LINH THUU
THUONG MAC BENH CUC TRONG
KHONG UA CAC CAN BENH
TRONG DUNG NHAN THUONG TON
DA THU DUOC PHUOC LON,
TRONG DUC DAU HON DAY"

Trich tu kinh "Tang Nhat A Ham".
- NGHIEP LANH: o trong bai ke tren tuc la MUOI DIEU LANH (THAP THIEN) do thua quy vi.
- CAC PHUOC: o trong bai ke tren tuc la benh tat, sa`u uu, nan kho cua quy vi dang mang.
- Quy vi hanh theo muoi dieu lanh thi co qua phuoc lon, duc lon hon ca viec quy di lam tu thien xa hoi do.

14./ Nhan qua luan hoi
Tu theo Phat quy vi phai thong suot luat nhan qua
Nhan nao qua nay
Lam ac nhan qua bao ac
Lam thien thi nhan qua lanh
"Ai an nay no, ai tu nay chung"
Gieo hat xoai thi nhan qua xoai.
Chu khong the nao gieo hat ot ma nhan qua xoai duoc.

Phat khong cuu kho, ban vui bang tha luc vi Phat khong the lam trai luat nhan qua duoc. Phat chi THAN GIAO va THUYET GIAO ma thoi.

Phat noi: "TA KHONG CUU KHO CAC CON DUOC, CAC CON HAY TU MINH THAP LEN MA DI"
DUOC o day nghia GIAO PHAP cua Phat. Do la BAT CHANH DAO (GIOI - DINH - TUE hay goi tat la TU HUE) hay Tu niem xu.

Hay tu luc, tu tu tap ly duc, ly ac phap nha?n ra chan de´.

15./ Tam minh
- Lau tan minh
- Tuc mang minh
- Thien nhan minh
—> Du`ng quan tam ca´i na`y, "nuo´c trong trang hie?n".


16./ Tu vo luong tam
- Tu vo luong tam
- Bi vo luong tam
- Hy vo luong tam
- Xa vo luong tam
[*] Do la tat ca nhung phap Phat day. Toi gioi thieu so qua chu khong noi ro tung phap, nguoi cu si den voi dao Phat CAN THONG HIEU NHUNG Gi PHAI THONG HIEU, tuc la thong hieu 16 phap Phat da?y nhu da neu o? tren, luc bay gio nguoi cu si se TiM HIEU TUNG PHAP do nhu the nao de nguoi cu si hieu ro rang, coi co phai cai do CO HOP VOI MiNH KHONG, co phai la UOC VONG CUA MiNH TREN BUOC DUONG MiNH GUI THAN TAM VAO DO DE TU HANH khong?
- Sau khi NGHIEN CUU THONG SUOT duoc roi, thay 16 phap nay PHU HOP VOI UOC VONG, NGUYEN VONG CUA MiNH thi NGUOI CU SI do moi TIEP TUC TRAU DOI NHUNG Gi MA MiNH DA TiM HIEU duoc trong NHUNG PHAP TRAU DOI.
- Chu khong phai bay gio toi ngoi thien, nhap dinh hoac nghien cuu nhu vay roi toi tu Tu thien hoac dung Tu Nhu Y Tuc hoac la toi dung nhung dieu kien cao sieu thi no khong dung cach dau.
- Cho nen o day khi duoc nghien cuu ky nhu vay roi thi bat dau phai tu tap cai gi day, phai trau doi nhung cai gi day?
- Do la nhung dieu kien can phai phan minh, can phai ro rang, dung duong loi tu tap. Chu neu khong phan minh, khong ro rang duong loi tu tap nhu vay thi chac chan la nguoi cu si nhao vo chang biet duong loi nao ma tu.

Lo`i Pha?t da?y: [ SU KIEN CHUNG TA KHI TU CAN PHAI QUAN SAT

Co nam su kien nay, nay cac Ty-kheo, can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia. The nao la nam?
1. "Ta phai bi gia, khong thoat khoi gia" la su kien can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia.
2. "Ta phai bi benh, khong thoat khoi benh" la su kien can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia.
3. "Ta phai bi chet, khong thoat khoi chet" la su kien can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia.
4. "Tat ca phap kha ai, kha y doi voi ta se phai doi khac, se phai bien diet", la su kien can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia.
5. "Ta la chu nhan cua nghiep, la thua tu cua nghiep, nghiep la thai tang, nghiep la quyen thuoc, nghiep la diem tua. Pham nghiep nao ta se lam thien hay ac, ta se thua tu nghiep ay" la su kien can phai thuong xuyen quan sat boi nu nhan hay nam nhan, boi tai gia hay xuat gia. (...)

Phat day:
"...Gioi luat con la dao ta con, gioi luat mat la dao ta mat..."
"...Cac con hay tu thap duoc len ma di, ta khong cuu kho cac con duoc..."
"PHAP TA THIET THUC HIEN TAI, CO QUA TUC THI, KHONG CO THOI GIAN DEN DE MA THAY DUOC NGUOI CO TRI TU MINH GIAC NGHIEM" ]
Khi tu thi phai that tu, khong tu thi` pha?i ton tro?ng cha´nh pha´p cac ban a!.
No´i i´t thi` pha?i tu? tu duy hie?u nhie`u. Ai co´ tha´c ma´c thi` trao do?i on ho`a vo´i nhau. Ai khong tu ha`nh thi` du`ng bi`nh lua?n.

Luu y´:
. Do?c de? ma` tha´y ra su? tha?t, toi khong e´p ai pha?i tin toi ngay nhung mo?i nguo`i pha?i tin Du´c Pha?t Thi´ch Ca Mau Ni, tin gia´o pha´p co´ the? giu´p ta gia´c ngo? - gia?i thoa´t.
. Ha~y do´i chie´u ba`i vie´t cu?a toi vo´i Tam ta?ng kinh die?n de? lo`ng tin co´ co so? chan cha´nh.
. La` nguo`i thi` giu~ co ba?n nha´t la` nam gio´i de? co´ the? sanh la`m nguo`i.



Namo Tassa bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa
Namo Tassa bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa
Namo Tassa bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa
Namo Tassa bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa
NAM MO BON SU THICH CA MAU NI PHAT
NAM MO BON SU THICH CA MAU NI PHAT
NAM MO BON SU THICH CA MAU NI PHAT


BAI VIET LA CUOC NOI CHUYEN CHIA SE. KHONG BAN CHINH TRI, KHONG PHAN BIET CHUNG TOC.


Cittasamadhi Tam Di?nh

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